- Polymer demand of Indian sub-continent to outstrip China
- Thermoplastics market to surpass 20 million tonnes by 2020
- Lack of sufficient local polymer production a major obstacle
With a population greater than China but with a polymer demand less than one-fifth the size, the Indian sub-continent is expected to enjoy the fastest growth in polymer demand anywhere in the world over the next five years outstripping China and other emerging economies.
Thermoplastics market to surpass 20 million tonnes by 2020
According to a recently published study by Applied Market Information Ltd (AMI Consulting), there is now massive investment occurring in the region’s petrochemical, polymer production and downstream plastic processing industries, driving strong growth in polymer demand. AMI forecasts that at the region’s current rate of growth its thermoplastics market will surpass 20 million tonnes by 2020.
Growth increasingly driven by globally-minded governments
The market in the region is dominated by India on account of its huge population and high GDP. However, growth in the region on the whole is driven by its increasingly globally-minded governments that are introducing policies to encourage foreign direct investment and facilitate closer integration with the worldwide economy, helping to drive investment in petrochemicals, polymer production and downstream plastic processing. Growth in the region is not only fuelled by such policy relaxations but also by rising urbanisation of a large, youthful, population, leading to greater consumer spending for items that require plastics. While much of these products are still imported, there is now considerable investment taking place in plastics processing operations to support manufacturing investments, driving growth in polymer demand.
Lack of sufficient local polymer production a major obstacle
Although rapidly developing, the region does face substantial challenges. For example, lack of sufficient local polymer production is a major obstacle faced by many plastics processors in the region with each country besides India being heavily or even entirely reliant on resin imports depending on the country in question. These imports are mainly sourced from India, the Middle East and South East Asia. Exchange rate fluctuations of local currencies against the dollar add further uncertainty to the market, making it harder to compete against cheaper Chinese imports of finished goods. In general, power supply in the sub-continent is tight but also erratic and unreliable in many regions, which can dramatically reduce effective utilisation. However, in India in particular, the government is seeking to address these issues by implementing strategies to tackle infrastructural and power limitations.
It is clear that plastics will be called on to play a vital role in this changing region and the plastics industry will benefit from national efforts to improve manufacturing. In its report, AMI forecasts 8% per year average increases in the Indian sub-continent over the next five years, with levels of annual growth varying from 5% in Sri Lanka to up to over 8% in India.
Polymer demand in the Indian sub-continent
Note: in the study “engineering resins” are subdivided and described as: ABS/SAN; polyamide; polycarbonate; PBT; PMMA and POM (source: AMI Consulting).